Tagged: Sleep Review

National Center on Sleep Disorders Research Celebrates Its Silver Anniversary 0

National Center on Sleep Disorders Research Celebrates Its Silver Anniversary

The NCSDR has helped to answer the question: How does sleep impact health?

Over the last few decades, we’ve seen a tremendous uptick in sleep research. Many of the clinical investigations that have advanced the medical world’s understanding of sleep have been supported by the National Center on Sleep Disorders Research (NCSDR), established to foster sleep and circadian research within the National Institutes of Health (NIH).

A part of the National Heart, Lung, and Blood Institute (NHLBI), the center is just now celebrating its 25th anniversary, but its accomplishments are wide reaching for such a young government agency. Since the center’s inception in 1993, the number of sleep and circadian grants funded across the NIH has nearly tripled, says Michael Twery, PhD, the NCSDR’s director.

“The progress has been nothing short of remarkable,” says Patrick M. Fuller, PhD, associate professor of neurology at Harvard Medical School.

To honor the 25th anniversary of the NCSDR, Fuller will take part in a discussion group during SLEEP 2019, an annual conference hosted in partnership with the Sleep

Aging and Sleep: Making Changes for Brain Health 0

Aging and Sleep: Making Changes for Brain Health

Neurobiological processes that occur during sleep have a profound impact on brain health, especially as we get older, writes neuropsychologist Margaret O’Connor, PhD, ABPP.

Numerous studies have shown that structural and physiological changes that occur in the brain during sleep affect capacity for new learning, as well as the strength of memories formed during the day. Sleep promotes the consolidation of experiences and ideas; it plays a pivotal role in memory, and has been shown to enhance attention, problem solving, and creativity.

When we get older, we tend to feel sleepy earlier in the evening. This may result in waking up early in the morning as our sleeping hours shift. Older people have less REM and less slow wave sleep. Less slow wave sleep may impede memory consolidation in older adults.In addition to changes in sleep cycles, older people are increasingly vulnerable to sleep disturbances that cause poor sleep and low brain oxygen such as sleep apnea, a medical condition characterized by loud snoring, breathing pauses during sleep, and daytime fatigue.

from …

5 Questions About Sleep Telemedicine 0

5 Questions About Sleep Telemedicine

Barry G Fields, MD, MSEd, spoke to Pulmonology Consultant about sleep telemedicine.

It is difficult to quantify how much telemedicine has improved access to diagnosis and treatment of sleep disorders, but we do know that patient demand for these services far exceeds provider supply. This is especially the case for patients who are homebound, live in rural areas, or live in places with a low sleep provider to patient ratio (even in some urban areas). Research shows that the quality of sleep care provided through telemedicine can be noninferior to that provided through in-person visits.

from Sleep Review http://www.sleepreviewmag.com/2019/03/5-questions-sleep-telemedicine/…

Experts Warn Of Issues Teens Using Sleep Aids Can Face 0

Experts Warn Of Issues Teens Using Sleep Aids Can Face

CBS2’s Dr Max Gomez reports that experts think most over-the-counter sleep aids are actually hurting, not helping teens.

Experts also warn of building a tolerance to these medications, and even potential liver damage from the overuse of acetaminophen, a common painkiller found in some sleep aid formulations.

“We would love for the children of teenage years to sleep anywhere between eight to 10 hours and most are not even coming close,” said Dr. Pakkay Ngai, a pediatric pulmonologist at Hackensack University Medical Center. “We’re looking for the quick fix. But it doesn’t get to the root of the problem.”

from Sleep Review http://www.sleepreviewmag.com/2019/03/experts-warn-of-issues-teens-using-sleep-aids-can-face/…

The Sleep Doctor in Your Pocket 0

The Sleep Doctor in Your Pocket

How smartphone apps are changing behavioral sleep medicine.

If your patients have trouble falling sleep and staying asleep, there are more than a hundred apps out there that promise to guide them through actionable changes and track progress over time. Only a handful are developed with the advice of credentialed sleep specialists, but those digital platforms could be especially important tools for people in rural locations who might not otherwise get the care they need.

The Society for Behavioral Sleep Medicine’s directory lists just 283 sleep psychologists in the United States. Many of these behavioral sleep medicine specialists are located in urban areas, near universities—leaving people outside these areas with few treatment options. Smartphone applications could help fill in this gap and potentially take some of the burden off of the health care system, according to a recent paper published in Translational Behavioral Medicine.1 This is especially true for insomnia, a disorder that many providers agree is best treated with cognitive behavioral therapy, explains sleep psychologist Richard Blackburn, PHD, LP, CBSM, who works in Minnesota.

AI Classifies Sleep Disorders Like Sleep Apnea, Hypopnea, and Arousal 0

AI Classifies Sleep Disorders Like Sleep Apnea, Hypopnea, and Arousal

Rather than look for patterns of disordered sleep in slices of sensor data, a preprint paper takes into account a range of data collected during polysomnography, reports VentureBeat.

“Very little research has been done concerning the effect that non-apnea [and] hypopnea arousals have on sleep quality and general health because they are difficult to detect, [and] sleep arousals have been shown to have lower inter-scorer reliability when compared to apnea [and] hypopnea,” the paper’s authors write. “A more robust method of detecting [sleep] arousals would allow health researchers to determine the effects that these events have on health, as well as develop more effective treatments to reduce their frequency. The purpose of this work is to determine how accurately … arousals can be detected with the use of deep learning methods.”

from Sleep Review http://www.sleepreviewmag.com/2019/03/ai-classifies-sleep-disorders-arousal/…

Rugby Player Study Suggests Snoring, Sleep Apnea Linked to Sudden Cardiac Death 0

Rugby Player Study Suggests Snoring, Sleep Apnea Linked to Sudden Cardiac Death

A study of university rugby players has shown that they are more likely to suffer sleep-disordered breathing than an average middle-aged man.

The study also showed that the athletes who experience this problem are also more likely to have low levels of oxygen in their blood and higher pulse rates during the night, suggesting that athletes with sleep-disordered breathing may be at risk of heart abnormalities.

The researchers say this study could indicate that sleep-disordered breathing (SDB) is a factor in the phenomenon of seemingly healthy young athletes dying from a sudden and unexplained heart attack.

The study, published in ERJ Open Research was led by Yoshitaka Iso, a cardiologist and associate professor at Showa University Research Institute for Sport and Exercise Sciences, Yokohama, Japan. “We wanted to investigate the prevalence of sleep-disordered breathing in collision sport athletes, such as rugby or American-style football players, because we know that they usually have a higher BMI and larger neck circumference than athletes from other sports,” he says in a release.

“We tend to assume that young, competitive athletes will not experience

Crossword Puzzle: Sleep Medicine-Themed Clues (March 2019) 0

Crossword Puzzle: Sleep Medicine-Themed Clues (March 2019)

Can you solve this sleep medicine-themed crossword puzzle, designed specifically for Sleep Review readers? A hard copy published in the March/April 2019 issue.

0319Crossword

Click on the thumbnail or 0319Crossword to open a printable PDF.

Across

1 Method of monitoring human rest/activity cycles

7 Under

8 Condition in which the alveoli are damaged

10 Quantity, abbr.

11 An airway clearance technique in which the person blows out many times through a _____ PEP device

15 Government body that regulates commercial truck drivers, abbr.

16 Pain reliever

18 Shallow breathing

21 Against

23 CPAP setting

25 ___ existing condition

27 CPAP attachment

29 Light beam

30 Nasal passages

Down

1 Enlarged mass of lymphoid tissue at the back of the nasopharynx

2 Rx amount, abbr.

3 Chap

4 Risk factor in sleep apnea

5 System for warming a house; its setting can be a factor in insomnia

6 Acting in such a way as to block a passage

7 There are 4 of them in sleep

9 Baseball star Maglie

12 Symptom of narcolepsy

13 Meadow

14 No longer

ResMed Acquires HB Healthcare to Help Koreans Living with Sleep Apnea, Other Respiratory Conditions 0

ResMed Acquires HB Healthcare to Help Koreans Living with Sleep Apnea, Other Respiratory Conditions

ResMed has completed the acquisition of HB Healthcare to help millions of South Koreans living with sleep apnea, chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) and other respiratory conditions.

HB Healthcare, a privately owned South Korean home medical equipment provider, serves both reimbursed and cash-pay customers of sleep and respiratory care devices. ResMed intends to reach millions more patients through HB Healthcare and its wider network of trusted distributor partners.

“ResMed has reaffirmed its leading role in Korea’s CPAP and respiratory care market, and commitment to improving millions of Koreans’ breathing and quality of life,” says Kim Ho Kyun, ResMed Korea’s sales and marketing director, in a release. “With HBH and our valued distribution partners in Korea, ResMed can maximize the number of people who can enjoy the benefits of life-changing cloud-connected sleep and respiratory therapy.”

Sleep Apnea in Korea

One in five Korean adults is believed to have sleep apnea, according to a study by Ansan Hospital, Korea University and the Korea Center for Disease Control and Prevention. ResMed believes that the Korean population is highly underserved, and that increased awareness

Researchers Launch Clinical Trial Exploring Inspiratory Muscle Strength Training 0

Researchers Launch Clinical Trial Exploring Inspiratory Muscle Strength Training

With a new grant from the National Institute on Aging, University of Colorado Boulder researchers have launched a clinical trial to learn more about the exercise known as Inspiratory Muscle Strength Training (IMST).

“It’s like strength training, except it’s for the muscles you use to inhale,” says Daniel Craighead, a postdoctoral researcher in the Integrative Physiology department in the College of Arts and Sciences, in a release.

“It’s only 30 breaths. It takes people about 5 minutes, and so far it looks like it is very beneficial to lower blood pressure and possibly boost cognitive and physical performance.”

Developed in the 1980s as a means to wean critically ill people off ventilators, IMST involves breathing in vigorously through a hand-held device—an inspiratory muscle trainer—which provides resistance. Imagine sucking hard through a straw that sucks back.

During early use in patients with lung diseases, patients performed a 30-minute, low-resistance regimen daily to boost their lung capacity.

But in 2016, University of Arizona researchers published results from a trial to see if just 30 inhalations per day with greater resistance might help